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African Elephant (Loxodonta africana)

description of the animal

African Elephant (Loxodonta africana)


The African Elephant (Loxodonta africana), descendant of the prehistoric Mammoth, is the biggest herbivorous mammal on earth. The bull has a height of 3,30 meters and weighs 4-6 tons, whereas the female only a height of 2,80 meters and a weight of 2-3 tons. It has a big head and huge ears which cover his shoulders and are often used for making air and cooling his body and for fending off pesky insects. It has a dark or light gray color and its trademark, are his two tusks in his upper jaw which can grow more than 2,50 meters and reach a weight of more than 70 kg.

The African Elephant is widespread in the woods, the steppe and the savannah of the Mid-tropical zone of Africa. It has a developed sense of smell and touch, but very poor eyesight. In their search for food, the African Elephants cross on a daily base long distances passing even through rivers by holding their two-fingered trunk out of the water so they can breathe.

They consume an average of 200-250 kg of grass, leaves and fruits and 90-180 liters of water. The female elephant gives birth to one young after a gestation period of 22 months.

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