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Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)

Description of the animal

Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)


The cheetah is renowned for its slender, streamlined body and the distinctive black "tear tracks" that run from the corners of its eyes down the sides of the nose to its mouth. Its coat is tan with evenly spaced black spots, and it has a small head with high-set eyes.


Cheetahs are predominantly found in the savannahs of Africa, though a small population exists in Iran. They were once widespread across Africa and Asia, but their range has significantly decreased due to habitat loss and other threats.


They prefer areas with vast expanses of land where they can reach their top speeds, including grasslands, savannahs, and arid regions.


Cheetahs are diurnal, meaning they are active mainly during the day. They are exceptional sprinters, capable of reaching speeds up to 60-70 mph in short bursts covering distances up to 1,500 feet, and have the ability to accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in just a few seconds.


They primarily feed on smaller antelopes, including springbok, impalas, and gazelles, as well as birds and other smaller animals.


Female cheetahs give birth to a litter of three to five cubs after a gestation period of about 90 to 95 days. Cubs remain with their mother for about one and a half years before becoming independent.


Major threats include habitat loss due to human encroachment, conflicts with humans, poaching, and high mortality rates among cubs due to predation by other large predators.

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